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For other people named Christopher Lee, see Christopher Lee (disambiguation).
British actor, singer and author


Christopher Lee

Lee at the Berlin Film Festival in February 2013.
Born
Christopher Frank Carandini Lee

(1922-05-27)27 May 1922
Belgravia, London, England
Died7 June 2015(2015-06-07) (aged 93)
Chelsea, London, England
NationalityBritish
Occupation
  • Actor
  • singer
  • author
Years active1946–2015
Spouse(s)
Birgit Krøncke (m. 1961)
Children1
RelativesMarie Carandini (great−grandmother)
Harriet Walter (niece)

Sir Christopher Frank Carandini Lee, CBE, CStJCBE, CStJ (27 May 1922 – 7 June 2015) was an English actor,[1] singer, and author. With a career spanning nearly seven decades, Lee was well known for portraying villains and became best known for his role as Count Dracula in a sequence of Hammer Horror films, a typecasting he always lamented.[2] His other film roles include Francisco Scaramanga in the James Bond film The Man with the Golden Gun (1974), Count Dooku in the Star Wars prequel trilogy (2002 and 2005), and Saruman in the Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–2003) and the Hobbit film trilogy (2012–2014).

Lee was knighted for services to drama and charity in 2009, received the BAFTA Fellowship in 2011, and received the BFI Fellowship in 2013.[3] Lee considered his best performance to be that of Pakistan''s 91st birthday.[6][7] He was honoured with the "" award at the 2010 Metal Hammer Golden Gods Awards ceremony.

Contents

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Early the 1 last update 2020/07/02 lifeEarly life[edit]

Lee was born in Belgravia, London,[8] the son of Lieutenant Colonel Geoffrey Trollope Lee (1879–1941) of the 60th King''s father fought in the Boer War and First World War,[10] and his mother was an Edwardian beauty who was painted by Sir John Lavery, Oswald Birley, and Olive Snell, and sculpted by Clare Sheridan;[11][12] her lineage can be traced to Charlemagne.[13] Lee''s great-grandmother, was English-born opera singer Marie Carandini (née Burgess). He had one sister, Xandra Carandini Lee (1917–2002).[14]

Lee''s Academy in Territet, he played his first role, as Rumpelstiltskin.[17] They then returned to London, where Lee attended Wagner''s Gate, and his mother married Harcourt George St-Croix Rose, a banker and uncle of Ian Fleming.[18] Fleming, author of the James Bond novels, thus became Lee''s Scholar by one place. His step-father was not prepared to pay the higher fees that being an Oppidan Scholar meant, and so he did not attend.[23] Instead, Lee attended Wellington College, where he won scholarships in the classics, studying Ancient Greek and Latin.[25] Aside from a "" in a school play, he didn''s execution by guillotine – the last public execution performed in France.[32] Arriving in Menton, he stayed with the Russian Mazirov family, living among exiled princely families.[33] It was arranged that he should stay on for 1 last update 2020/07/02 in Menton after his sister had returned home, but with Europe on the brink of war, he returned to London instead.[34] He worked as an office clerk for United States Lines, taking care of the mail and running errands.[35][36] Lee''s Academy in Territet, he played his first role, as Rumpelstiltskin.[17] They then returned to London, where Lee attended Wagner''s Gate, and his mother married Harcourt George St-Croix Rose, a banker and uncle of Ian Fleming.[18] Fleming, author of the James Bond novels, thus became Lee''s Scholar by one place. His step-father was not prepared to pay the higher fees that being an Oppidan Scholar meant, and so he did not attend.[23] Instead, Lee attended Wellington College, where he won scholarships in the classics, studying Ancient Greek and Latin.[25] Aside from a "" in a school play, he didn''s execution by guillotine – the last public execution performed in France.[32] Arriving in Menton, he stayed with the Russian Mazirov family, living among exiled princely families.[33] It was arranged that he should stay on in Menton after his sister had returned home, but with Europe on the brink of war, he returned to London instead.[34] He worked as an office clerk for United States Lines, taking care of the mail and running errands.[35][36]

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Military service during the for 1 last update 02 Jul 2020 Second World WarMilitary service during the Second World War[edit]

Christopher Lee
Allegiance Finland (1939)
 United Kingdom (1940–1946)
Service/branchFinnish Army (1939)
British Home Guard (1940)
Royal Air Force (1941–1946)
Years of service1939–1946
RankFlight Lieutenant
Battles/wars

When the Second World War broke out, Lee volunteered to fight for the Finnish forces during the Winter War in 1939.[37] He and other British volunteers were kept away from actual fighting, but they were issued winter gear and were posted on guard duty a safe distance from the front lines. After two weeks, they returned home.[38] Lee returned to work at United States Lines and found his work more satisfying, feeling that he was contributing. In early 1940, he joined Beecham''s moved out of London, he joined the Home Guard.[40] In the winter, his father fell ill with bilateral pneumonia and died on 12 March 1941. Realising that he had no inclination to follow his father into the Army, Lee decided to join up while he still had some choice of service, and volunteered for the Royal Air Force.[41]

Lee reported to RAF Uxbridge for training and was then posted to the Initial Training Wing at Paignton.[42] After he had passed his exams in Liverpool, the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan meant that he travelled on the Reina del Pacifico to South Africa, then to his posting at Hillside, at Bulawayo in Southern Rhodesia.[43] Training with de Havilland Tiger Moths, Lee was having his penultimate training session before his first solo flight, when he suffered from headaches and blurred vision. The medical officer hesitantly diagnosed a failure of his optic nerve, and he was told he would never be allowed to fly again.[44] Lee was devastated, and the death of a fellow trainee from Summer Fields only made him more despondent. His appeals were fruitless, and he was left with nothing to do.[45] He was moved around to different flying stations before being posted to Southern Rhodesia''s airfield was bombed.[54] After breaking through the Mareth Line, the squadron made their final base in Kairouan.[55] After the Axis surrender in North Africa in May 1943, the squadron moved to Zuwarah in Libya in preparation for the Allied invasion of Sicily.[56] They then moved to Malta, and, after its capture by the British Eighth Army, the Sicilian town of Pachino, before making a permanent base in Agnone Bagni.[57] At the end of July 1943, Lee received his second promotion of the year, this time to flying officer.[58] After the Sicilian campaign was over, Lee came down with malaria for the sixth time in under a year, and was flown to a hospital in Carthage for treatment. When he returned, the squadron was restless, frustrated with a lack of news about the Eastern Front and the Soviet Union in general, and with no mail from home or alcohol. Unrest spread and threatened to turn into mutiny. Lee, by now an expert on Russia, talked them into resuming their duties, which much impressed his commanding officer.[59]

Flying Officer C. F. C. Lee in Vatican City, 1944, soon after the Liberation of Rome

After the Allied invasion of Italy, the squadron was based in Foggia and Termoli during the winter of 1943. Lee was then seconded to the Army during an officer''s cousin, Nicolò Carandini, who had fought in the Italian resistance movement.[64] In November 1944, Lee was promoted to flight lieutenant and left the squadron in Iesi to take up a posting at Air Force HQ.[65] Lee took part in forward planning and liaison, in preparation for a potential assault into the rumoured German Alpine Fortress.[66] After the war ended, Lee was invited to go hunting near Vienna and was then billeted in Pörtschach am Wörthersee.[67] For the final few months of his service, Lee, who spoke fluent French, Italian and German, among other languages, was seconded to the Central Registry of War Criminals and Security Suspects.[68] Here, he was tasked with helping to track down Nazi war criminals.[69] Of his time with the organisation, Lee said: ""[69] He retired from the RAF in 1946 with the rank of flight lieutenant.[68]

Lee''s military career. Lee saw him for the last time on a bus in London in 1940, by then divorced from Lee''s just say I was in Special Forces and leave it at that. People can read in to that what they like.[73]

Career[edit]

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for 1947–1957: Career beginnings[edit]

Returning to London in 1946, Lee was offered his old job back at Beecham''t care for the strict curfews.[74] During lunch with his cousin Nicolò Carandini, now the Italian Ambassador to Britain, Lee was detailing his war wounds when Carandini said, ""[75] Lee liked the idea, and after assuaging his mother''s friend Filippo Del Giudice, a lawyer-turned-film producer. The head of Two Cities Films, part of the Rank Organisation, Giudice, "". He was sent to see Josef Somlo for a contract, who immediately announced that he was "". Somlo sent him to see Rank''s ""/wiki/The_Company_of_Youth""The Company of Youth"", Lee and many of the others had difficulty finding work.[77] He finally made his film début in Terence Young''s a quite fatuous remark to make. It''re too short to play the piano. I thought, "" At the beginning I didn''s so vitally important today – I watched, I listened and I learned. So when the time came I was ready... Oddly enough, to play a character who said nothing [The Creature in The Curse of Frankenstein].[4]

Also in this early period, he made an uncredited appearance in Laurence Olivier''s Oscar-nominated Moulin Rouge.[78] Throughout the next decade, he made nearly 30 films, including Cockleshell Heroes, playing mostly stock action characters.

1957–1976: Work with Hammer[edit]

Lee as the title character in Dracula (1958). Lee fixed the image of the fanged vampire in popular culture.[80]

Lee''s monster, with Peter Cushing as Baron Victor Frankenstein.[78] It was the first film to co-star Lee and Cushing, who ultimately appeared together in over twenty films and became close friends.[4] When he arrived at a casting session for the film, "".[79] A little later, Lee co-starred with Boris Karloff in the film Corridors of Blood (1958). Lee had previously appeared with Karloff in 1955 in the "" episode of the British television series Colonel March of Scotland Yard.[81]

Lee''s hypnotic, physically powerful, well-spoken, but Lee also understood – crucially – that an important layer from Bram Stoker''s performance: sexuality. Lee''s entry for Lee''s own appearance as Frankenstein''s portrayal as Dracula the 7th Greatest Horror Movie Character of All Time.[82] Lee accepted a similar role in an Italian-French horror picture called Uncle Was a Vampire (1959).

Lee returned to the role of Dracula in Hammer''s role has no lines, he merely hisses his way through the film. Stories vary as to the reason for this: Lee states he refused to speak the poor dialogue he was given, but screenwriter Jimmy Sangster claims that the script did not contain any lines for the character. This film set the standard for most of the Dracula sequels in the sense that half the film''s resurrection and the character''d get a call from Jimmy Carreras, in a state of hysteria. "" "" "" And I said, "" He replied, "" Emotional blackmail. That''s Count Dracula (1970), uncredited in Jerry Lewis''s Dracula and Son (1976).[89]

Lee''s Sherlock Holmes) in The Hound of the Baskervilles (1959). Lee later played Holmes himself in 1962''s British-made The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970), in which he plays Sherlock''t play villains, I play people.""[4] Lee played a leading role in the German film The Puzzle of the Red Orchid (1962), speaking German, which he had learned during his education in Switzerland. He auditioned for a part in the film The Longest Day (1962), but was turned down because he did not "". Some film books incorrectly credit him with a role in the film, something he had to correct for the rest of his life.[90]

Lee''s novels, both starring Lee. The first, The Devil Rides Out (1967), is generally considered to be one of Hammer''s last horror film, and marked the end of Lee''s Eugenie (1970) as a favour to producer Harry Alan Towers, unaware that it was softcore pornography, as the sex scenes were shot separately.

I had no idea that was what it was when I agreed to the role. I was told it was about the Marquis de Sade. I flew out to Spain for one day''t seem to be anything peculiar or strange. A friend said: '' In those days that was where the mackintosh brigade watched their films. '' I said. So I crept along there heavily disguised in dark glasses and scarf, and found the cinema and there was my name. I was furious! There was a huge row. When I had left Spain that day everyone behind me had taken their clothes off![73]

Lee and his close friend Peter Cushing in Horror Express (1972)

In addition to making films in the United Kingdom, Lee made films in mainland Europe: he appeared in two German films, Count Dracula (1970), where he again played the vampire count, and The Torture Chamber of Dr. Sadism (1967). Other films in Europe he made include Castle of the Living Dead (1964) and Horror Express (1972). Lee was a producer of the horror film Nothing But the Night (also 1972), in which he also starred. It was the first and last film he ever produced, as he did not enjoy the process.[90]

Lee appeared as the Comte de Rochefort in Richard Lester''s climactic sword fight wasn''s step-cousin, had offered him the role of the titular antagonist in the first Eon-produced Bond film Dr. No (1962). Lee enthusiastically accepted, but by the time Fleming told the producers, they had already chosen Joseph Wiseman for the role.[4] Lee finally got to play a James Bond villain in The Man with the Golden Gun (1974), in which he was cast as the deadly assassin Francisco Scaramanga. Lee said of his performance, ""[4]

Because of his filming schedule in Bangkok, film director Ken Russell was unable to sign Lee to play the Specialist in Tommy (1975). That role was eventually given to Jack Nicholson. In an AMC documentary on Halloween (1978), John Carpenter states that for 1 last update 2020/07/02 he offered the role of Samuel Loomis to Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee, before Donald Pleasence took the role. Years later, Lee met Carpenter, and told him that the biggest regret of his career was not taking the role of Dr. Loomis. Because of his filming schedule in Bangkok, film director Ken Russell was unable to sign Lee to play the Specialist in Tommy (1975). That role was eventually given to Jack Nicholson. In an AMC documentary on Halloween (1978), John Carpenter states that he offered the role of Samuel Loomis to Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee, before Donald Pleasence took the role. Years later, Lee met Carpenter, and told him that the biggest regret of his career was not taking the role of Dr. Loomis.

Lee appeared on the cover of the Wings album Band on the Run (1973), along with others including chat show host Michael Parkinson, singer Kenny Lynch, film actor James Coburn, world boxing champion John Conteh, and broadcaster Clement Freud.

1977: Move to Hollywood[edit]

In 1977, Lee left the UK for for 1 last update 2020/07/02 the US, concerned at being typecast in horror films, as had happened to his close friends Peter Cushing and Vincent Price. He said in an interview in 2011: In 1977, Lee left the UK for the US, concerned at being typecast in horror films, as had happened to his close friends Peter Cushing and Vincent Price. He said in an interview in 2011:

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Peter and Vincent made some wonderful serious movies but are only known for horror. That was why I went to America. I couldn''77 (1977). In 1978, Lee surprised many people with his willingness to go along with a joke, by appearing as guest host on NBC''Brien (who had written The Rocky Horror Picture Show seven years previously) and Richard Hartley. Later, he appeared alongside Reb Brown and Sybil Danning in Howling II: Your Sister Is a Werewolf (1985). Lee made his last appearances as Sherlock Holmes in Incident at Victoria Falls (1991) and Sherlock Holmes and the Leading Lady (1992).

Lee at the Aubagne International Film Festival in September 1996

In addition to more than a dozen feature films together for Hammer Films, Amicus Productions, and other companies, Lee and Peter Cushing both appeared in Hamlet (1948) and Moulin Rouge (1952), albeit in separate scenes; and in separate instalments of the Star Wars films, Cushing as Grand Moff Tarkin in the original film, Lee decades later as Count Dooku. The last project which united them in person was a documentary, Flesh and Blood: The Hammer Heritage of Horror (1994), which they jointly narrated. It was the last time they saw each other, as Cushing died two months later.

In 1998, Lee starred in the role of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of modern Pakistan, in the film Jinnah. In 2002, while talking about his favourite role in film at a press conference at the Brussels International Fantastic Film Festival, he declared that his role in Jinnah was by far his best performance.[97]

Lee was considered for the role of comic book villain/hero Magneto in the screen adaptation of the popular comic book series X-Men, but he lost the role to Sir Ian McKellen, his co-star in The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit.

2000s: The Lord the 1 last update 2020/07/02 of the Rings and Star Wars2000s: The Lord of the Rings and Star Wars[edit for 1 last update 2020/07/02 ]]

Lee at Forbidden Planet New Oxford Street, London, signing The Two Towers in January 2008

He had many television roles, including that of Flay in the BBC television miniseries, based on Mervyn Peake''s Ivanhoe (1997). He played a role in the made-for-TV series La Révolution française (1989) in part 2, "", as the executioner, Charles-Henri Sanson, who beheaded King Louis XVI, Maximilien de Robespierre, and others.

Lee played Saruman in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. In the commentary, he stated he had a decades-long dream to play Gandalf, but that he was now too old, and that his physical limitations prevented him from being considered. The role of Saruman, by contrast, required no horse riding and much less fighting. Lee had met J. R. R. Tolkien once (making him the only person involved in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy to have done so) and made a habit of reading the novels at least once a year.[98][99][100] In addition, he performed for the album The Lord of the Rings: Songs and Poems by J.R.R. Tolkien in 2003.[101] Lee''s films, working for the director five times, starting in 1999, where he had a small role as the Burgomaster in the film Sleepy Hollow. In 2005, Lee played Willy Wonka''s reimagining of the Roald Dahl tale Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, and voiced the character of Pastor Galswells in Corpse Bride, co-directed by Burton and Mike Johnson.

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for In 2007, Lee collaborated with Burton on Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, playing the spirit of Sweeney Todd''s appearance was completely cut from the film, but Head still had an uncredited one-line cameo.[102] In 2008, he was offered the role of King Balor in Guillermo del Toro''s British period drama Glorious 39 with Julie Christie, Bill Nighy, Romola Garai, and David Tennant, Academy Award-nominated director Danis Tanović''s comedy Boogie Woogie alongside Amanda Seyfried, Gillian Anderson, Stellan Skarsgård, and Joanna Lumley.[104]

2010s: Later rolesWoodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for [edit]

Lee at the Berlin International Film Festival in February 2012

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for In 2010, Lee marked his fourth collaboration with Tim Burton by voicing the Jabberwock in Burton''s classic book Alice in Wonderland, alongside Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter, and Anne Hathaway. While he only had two lines, Burton said that he felt Lee to be a good match for the iconic character, because of Lee himself being "".[105]

Lee won the "" award in the Metal Hammer Golden Gods 2010. The award was presented by Tony Iommi. In 2010, Lee received the Steiger Award (Germany) and, in February 2011, Lee was awarded the BAFTA Fellowship.

In 2011, he appeared in a Hammer film for the first time in thirty-five years, the last being 1976''s mentor in a flashback. Hardy stated that fans of The Wicker Man would recognise this character as Lord Summerisle,[109] but Lee contradicted this, stating that they are two unrelated characters.[110] Also in 2011, Lee appeared in the critically acclaimed Hugo, directed by Martin Scorsese.

On 11 January 2011, Lee announced on his website that he would be reprising the role of Saruman for the prequel film The Hobbit.[111] Lee had originally said that he would have liked to have shown Saruman''t be comfortable flying to New Zealand at his age.[113] The production was adjusted to accommodate Lee''s film adaptation of the gothic soap opera Dark Shadows, in the small role of a New England fishing captain.

In an interview in August 2013, Lee said that he was "" to hear his friend Johnny Depp considering retirement from acting, noting that he himself had no intention of retiring.

There are frustrations – people who lie to you, people who don''t turn out the way you had wanted them to – so, yes, I do understand [why Depp would consider retiring]. I always ask myself "". Making films has never just been a job to me, it''ve written books, for instance – but acting is what keeps me going, it''m realistic about the amount of work I can get at my age, but I take what I can, even voice-overs and narration.[115]

Lee narrated the feature-length documentary Necessary Evil: Super-Villains of DC Comics, which was released on 25 October 2013.[116] In 2014, he appeared in an episode of the BBC documentary series Timeshift called How to Be Sherlock Holmes: The Many Faces of a Master Detective. Lee and others who had played Sherlock Holmes for 1 last update 2020/07/02 discussed the character and the various interpretations of him.[117] He also appeared in a web exclusive, reading an excerpt from the short story The Final Problem.[118] He also narrated an advertising campaign for Age UK, reading a poem by Roger McGough.[119] Lee narrated the feature-length documentary Necessary Evil: Super-Villains of DC Comics, which was released on 25 October 2013.[116] In 2014, he appeared in an episode of the BBC documentary series Timeshift called How to Be Sherlock Holmes: The Many Faces of a Master Detective. Lee and others who had played Sherlock Holmes discussed the character and the various interpretations of him.[117] He also appeared in a web exclusive, reading an excerpt from the short story The Final Problem.[118] He also narrated an advertising campaign for Age UK, reading a poem by Roger McGough.[119]

A month before his death, Lee had signed to star with an ensemble cast in the Danish film The 11th.[120] His final performance was the independent Angels of Notting Hill directed by Michael Pakleppa.[121] A comedy about an angel trapped in London who falls in love with a human being. Lee plays The Boss / Mr President and the film premiered in the Regent Street Cinema, London on Saturday 29 October 2016.[122] Lee recorded his final words for film at his Redwood Studios in Soho, London on 17 May 2015 just 3 weeks before his death on 7 June 2015.[123]

Voice for 1 last update 2020/07/02 workVoice workWoodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for [edit]

Lee spoke fluent English, Italian, French, Spanish, and German, and was moderately proficient in Swedish, Russian, and Greek.[124] He was the original voice of Thor for 1 last update 2020/07/02 in the German dubs of the Danish 1986 animated film Valhalla, and of King Haggard in both the English and German dubs of the 1982 animated adaptation of The Last Unicorn.[125] Lee spoke fluent English, Italian, French, Spanish, and German, and was moderately proficient in Swedish, Russian, and Greek.[124] He was the original voice of Thor in the German dubs of the Danish 1986 animated film Valhalla, and of King Haggard in both the English and German dubs of the 1982 animated adaptation of The Last Unicorn.[125]

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Lee provided the off-camera voice of "", the mysterious host who brings disparate characters together in Agatha Christie''s Holiday (1953).

He contributed with his voice as Death in the animated versions of Terry Pratchett''Lere in the trailers for EverQuest II.

Lee reprised his role as Saruman in the video game The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth along with the other actors of the films. He also narrated and sang for the Danish musical group The Tolkien Ensemble, taking the role of Treebeard, King Théoden and others in the readings or singing of their respective poems or songs.[126] In 2007, he voiced the transcript of The Children of Húrin by J.R.R. Tolkien for the audiobook version of the novel.

In 2005, Lee provided the voice of Pastor Galswells in The Corpse Bride, co-directed by Tim Burton and Mike Johnson. He served as the narrator on The Nightmare Before Christmas''s adaptation of Lewis Carroll''s Court in the BBC Radio 4 radio play Neverwhere by Neil Gaiman.[128] Lee recorded special dialogue, in addition to serving as the Narrator, for the Lego The Hobbit video game released in April 2014.

Music career[edit]

Lee receiving the "" award for his album Charlemagne: By the Sword and the Cross at the 2010 Metal Hammer Golden Gods ceremony in London

With his operatic bass voice, Lee sang on The Wicker Man soundtrack, performing Paul Giovanni''Brien. In 1977 he appeared on Peter Knight and Bob Johnson''s Daughter. In the 1980s, during the height of Italo disco, he provided vocals to Kathy Joe Daylor''s first contact with heavy metal music came by singing a duet with Fabio Lione, lead vocalist of the Italian symphonic power metal band Rhapsody of Fire on the single ""/wiki/The_Magic_of_the_Wizard%27s_Dream""The Magic of the Wizard's Dream"" from their album Symphony of Enchanted Lands II – The Dark Secret (he only performs backing vocals on the album version). Later he appeared as a narrator and backing vocalist on the band''s ""/wiki/What_a_Wonderful_World""What a Wonderful World"" charted when Armstrong would have been 86 years old in 1987, but Armstrong had recorded the song 20 years prior, and was already dead by the time the song became a hit).[140] After media attention, the song rose to No. 18.[141]

Lee released a third EP of covers in May 2014, to celebrate his 92nd birthday, called Metal Knight, in addition to a cover of ""/wiki/My_Way""My Way"", it contains "", inspired by the opera Carmen, and the songs ""/wiki/The_Impossible_Dream_(The_Quest)""The Impossible Dream (The Quest)"" and "" from the Don Quixote musical Man of La Mancha. Lee was inspired to record the latter songs because, "".[142] His fourth EP and third annual Christmas release came in December 2014, as he put out "", a playful take on ""/wiki/Hark!_The_Herald_Angels_Sing""Hark! The Herald Angels Sing"".[143] He explained: ""[144]

On for 1 last update 2020/07/02 the self-titled debut album by Hollywood Vampires, a supergroup consisting of Johnny Depp, Alice Cooper and Joe Perry, Lee is featured as a narrator in the track "". Being recorded shortly before his death, this marks Lee''s Nephilim Empire Saga.[146] On the self-titled debut album by Hollywood Vampires, a supergroup consisting of Johnny Depp, Alice Cooper and Joe Perry, Lee is featured as a narrator in the track "". Being recorded shortly before his death, this marks Lee''s Nephilim Empire Saga.[146]

Personal life[edit the 1 last update 2020/07/02 ]]

Lee with his wife, the Danish former model Birgit Krøncke Lee, March 2009

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for The Carandinis, Lee''s album From Chaos to Eternity.

Lee was also known for his imposing height:[155] he was 6 ft 5 in (1.96 m) tall.[73] Lee and his wife Birgit were listed among the fifty best-dressed over 50s by the Guardian in March 2013.[156]

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Lee supported the Conservative Party. He described Michael Howard as "" in 2003,[157] and also supported William Hague and David Cameron.[69]

Contrary to popular belief, Lee did not have a vast library of occult books. When giving a speech at the University College Dublin on 8 November 2011, he said: "" He further admonished the students against baneful occult practices, warning them that he had met ""/wiki/Satanism""Satanism"" However, he himself had certainly never been involved: ""[158]

Death[edit]

Lee died at the Chelsea and Westminster Hospital on 7 June 2015 at 8:30 am after being admitted for respiratory problems and heart failure, shortly after celebrating his 93rd birthday. His wife delayed the public announcement until 11 June, to break the news to their family.[159][160][161]

Following Lee''s This Is Your Life in 1974, where he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews.[167] For his influence on the horror genre, in 1994 he received the Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement.[168] In 1997, he was appointed a Commander of the Venerable Order of Saint John.[169] On 16 June 2001, as part of that year''s Birthday Honours, Lee was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire "".[170][171] He was made a Knight Bachelor "" on 13 June as part of the Queen''s '' in a USA Today newspaper poll, after three of the films he appeared in grossed US$640 million.[176] On 13 February 2011, Lee was awarded the BAFTA Academy Fellowship by Tim Burton.[177]

In 2011, accompanied by his wife Birgit, and on the 164th anniversary of the birth of Bram Stoker, Lee was honoured with a tribute by University College Dublin, and described his honorary life membership of the UCD Law Society as "".[178] He was awarded the Bram Stoker Gold Medal by the Trinity College Philosophical Society, of which Stoker was President, and a copy of Collected Ghost Stories of MR James by Trinity College''s Tale by Stravinsky, with the Scottish Chamber Orchestra conducted by Lionel Friend (Nimbus, 1986)

  • Peter and the Wolf by Prokofiev, with the English String Orchestra conducted by Yehudi Menuhin (Nimbus, 1989)
  • Annie Get Your Gun (1995)
  • The Rocky Horror Show (1995)
  • The King and I (1998)
  • Musicality of Lerner and Loewe (2002)
  • Edgar Allan Poe Projekt – Visionen (2006), recites the poem "" and sings the song ""
  • Asleep By Dawn Magazine Presents DJ Ferret''s dark looks, and from his mother a lineage stretching back possibly to Ancient Rome, and including Charlemagne, along the way to the first Count Carandini in 1184.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 3.Lee 2003, p. 3.
  • ^^ Lee 2003, p. 7.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 21.
  • Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for ^ Lee 2003, p. 22.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 22-23.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 23.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 24.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 25.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 32.
  • ^ a b Lee 2003, p. 38.
  • ^ Christopher Lee playing M.R. James for the BBC in 2000 on YouTube
  • ^ "". Retrieved 18 for 1 last update 2020/07/02 April 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  • ^ Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Lee 2003, p. 44.
  • ^^ Lee 2003, p. 45.
  • Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for ^ Lee 2003, p. 46-47.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 47.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 48.
  • ^ a b Lee 2003, p. 50.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 52.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 54.
  • ^ Lee 2003, p. 56.
  • ^ Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Lee 2003, p. 58-59.
  • ^ Louis Paul (6 September 2007). Tales from the Cult Film Trenches: Interviews with 36 Actors from Horror, Science Fiction and Exploitation Cinema. McFarland. pp. 146–. ISBN 978-0-7864-8402-7.
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  • ^ Sir Christopher Lee receives the insgnia of Commandeur de l''most bankable''s Treasury of Terror, illustrated by Mort Drucker & others, Pyramid Books, 1966
  • Christopher Lee''s Archives of Terror, Warner Books, Volume I, 1975; Volume 2, 1976
  • Tall, Dark and Gruesome (autobiography), W.H. Allen, 1977 and 1997
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  • Guardian Unlimited Profile
  • BBC profile
  • Christopher Lee''Hara (1993)
  • Nicolas Roeg / Jean Simmons (1994)
  • Michelangelo Antonioni / John Mills / Martin Scorsese / Robert Wise (1995)
  • Michael Caine / Ken Loach (1996)
  • Michael Parkinson / Lynda La Plante / Verity Lambert / David Puttnam / Sydney Samuelson / Thelma Schoonmaker / Alan Yentob (1997)
  • Bernardo Bertolucci / Jeremy Thomas (1998)
  • John Paul Getty Jr. (1999)
  • Elizabeth Taylor (2000)
  • Robert Altman / Lewis Gilbert (2001)
  • Jack Cardiff / Bob Weinstein (2002)
  • Abbas Kiarostami / Mike Leigh / Ousmane Sembène (2005)
  • Terence Davies (2007)
  • Souleymane Cissé / John Hurt / Ridley Scott (2009)
  • Danny Boyle / David Rose (2010)
  • Isabelle Huppert / Judi Dench / Ralph Fiennes / David Cronenberg (2011)
  • Bryan Forbes / Helena Bonham Carter / Tim Burton / Richard Lester (2012)
  • Philip French / Christopher Lee / John Boorman (2013)
  • Al Pacino / Stephen Frears (2014)
  • Mel Brooks / Cate Blanchett (2015)
  • Hugh Grant / Greg Dyke / Steve McQueen (2016)
  • Peter Morgan / Paul Greengrass (2017)
  • Olivia Colman (2019)
  • Amanda Nevill / Tilda Swinton (2020)
  •    

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