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How to build a Pergola Arbor

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This pergolaWoodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for A structure with open wood-framed roofs, often latticed and supported by regularly spaced posts or columns, and covered by climbing plants such as vines or roses, shading a walk or passageway. Pergolas are distinguished from “arbors,” which are less extensive in extent and structure. arborA shelter of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. A walk through Garden structure that can support plants and generally complements the landscape. is very sturdy, as in a lot of cases an arbor can be a rather flimsy garden structure. It consists of 100×100 (4″x 4″) posts concreted into the ground, 200×100 (4″x 8″) beams checked and bolted to the posts and 100×50 (2″x 4″) rafters fixed to the beams. the 1 last update 2020/07/13

An arbor

To my way of thinking an arbor is a smallish (in footprint)
freestanding structure consisting of two or four posts
with a pitched or arched roof. It is often an entrance to a garden or yard and more often than not, has plants
growing up and over it.

A pergola

A free-standing pergola is a structure usually bigger than an arbor consisting of four or more posts
and (in most cases) with the 1 last update 2020/07/13 a flat roof. The roof makeup is typically beams sitting on posts with more beams or rafters crossing over the top.A free-standing pergola is a structure usually bigger than an arbor consisting of four or more posts
and (in most cases) with a flat roof. The roof makeup is typically beams sitting on posts with more beams or rafters crossing over the top.

A pergola arbor

Hence, I will call this structure a pergola arbor. Although the size really does not warrant it being called a pergola, the design and solid structure of it does.

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for About the wood sizes

The size of the woodTimber, lumber. The hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees referred to in his project is the Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for actual sizeWoodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for The finished (dressed) size as opposed to the nominal size of a piece of wood., which is the size of the wood after it has been the 1 last update 2020/07/13 dresseddressedSurfaced; planed; smooth; even surface; gauged. (smooth, planed, finished).
For example: When a pieces of wood 2″ x 4″ rough size (called the nominal sizeThe rough-sawn size of a piece of lumber. Before the lumber is surfaced, planed or dressed. The nominal size is usually greater than the actual dimension. e.g. 100x50 (2 x 4) actually equals 90x45 (1 1/2"").) is dressed (smooth, planed, finished), it becomes approximately 1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ in size, which is the actual size.

All measurements throughout this project are given in both Standard/Imperial inches, and MetricMillimeter measurements. (mmAbbreviation for millimeter which is a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter. 25.4 mm equals one inch.).
The measurements are given first in inches, followed by millimeters (mm) in brackets ( ).All measurements throughout this project are given in both Standard/Imperial inches, and MetricMillimeter measurements. (mmAbbreviation for millimeter which is a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter. 25.4 mm equals one inch.).
The measurements are given first in inches, followed by millimeters (mm) in brackets ( ).


1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ means wood that is 1 1/2 (one and a half) inches thick by 3 1/2 (three and a half) inches wide.
And the equivalent in metric…
90mm x 45mm means wood that is 90 millimeters wide by 45 millimeters thick.

Pergola arbor plans

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Lumber requirements

• Posts: 4 pieces 3 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ (90mm x 90mm) @ 9ft (2700mm) long.
• Beams: 2 pieces 3 1/2″ x the 1 last update 2020/07/13 7 1/2″ (190mm x 90mm) @ 7ft (2100mm) long.
• Rafters: 4 pieces 1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ (90mm x 45mm) @ 7ft (2100mm) long.• Posts: 4 pieces 3 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ (90mm x 90mm) @ 9ft (2700mm) long.
• Beams: 2 pieces 3 1/2″ x 7 1/2″ (190mm x 90mm) @ 7ft (2100mm) long.
• Rafters: 4 pieces 1 1/2″ x 3 1/2″ (90mm x 45mm) @ 7ft (2100mm) long.

Doing the pergola arbor posts and beams

The pergola arbor posts

Dig four holes 14″ (350mm) square by 24″ (600mm) deep.
Position the holes as shown in the arbor plan. ConcreteA mixture of sand, gravel, water and cement which hardens to a stone the 1 last update 2020/07/13 like condition when dry.A mixture of sand, gravel, water and cement which hardens to a stone like condition when dry. the posts in place and wait until the concrete cures (usually the next day) before cutting the tops of the posts to the required height.

Cut and trench the pergola arbor beams

Mark and trench (checkout, the 1 last update 2020/07/13 rebaterebateAn L-shaped cutout with one side, that is always at an end or side of a member, unlike a notch that is a U-shaped cutout.) the two beams. The dimensionsWoodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Any of the three linear measurements, length, breadth and depth. are shown in the Arbor plan page.

This can be achieved by setting the blade on a circular saw to the required depth and making repeated saw cuts across the beamWoodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for A supporting member. where the trench is to go. Finish by chiseling out the grooves with a sharp chisel. The more saw cuts, the easier the chiseling.

Position the pergola arbor beams

BoltA metal rod that has a head on one end and threads on the other and is used to fasten the 1 last update 2020/07/13 together lumber. The most common bolts used or referred to in projects within this website are coach/carriage bolts and hex bolts.A metal rod that has a head on one end and threads for 1 last update 2020/07/13 on the other and is used to fasten together lumber. The most common bolts used or referred to in projects within this website are coach/carriage bolts and hex bolts.BoltA metal rod that has a head on one end and threads on the other and is used to fasten the 1 last update 2020/07/13 together lumber. The most common bolts used or referred to in projects within this website are coach/carriage bolts and hex bolts.A metal rod that has a head on one end and threads on the other and is used to fasten together lumber. The most common bolts used or referred to in projects within this website are coach/carriage bolts and hex bolts. the beams to the top of the posts with 12mm (1/2″) galvanizedCovered with a protective coating of zinc. coachAre round headed bolts with square shoulders that resist rotation when located or driven into place. They can be called coach bolts or carriage bolts depending on which part of the world you live in. The head end of the bolt does not need a washer, but the other end of the bolt (the nut end) usually does./carriage bolts. Use two bolts at each meeting, eight in all.


Cut, trench, and position the rafters

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Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for About Les Kenny

Buildeazy.com started as a hobby for Les Kenny over eight years ago when he decided he would share his successful DIY projects with the wider world, putting them up online for anyone to access.

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Disclaimer

These plans are for personal use only. It is the users’s responsibility to apply for any required permits or consents and to build in accordance with the local building code.
Although all due care is taken, no responsibility is accepted by Buildeazy for any wrongful information, omissions, or any other irregularities regarding any plan set or Buildeazy article. This project is to be undertaken at the user’s own risk. Buildeazy accepts no responsibility for any injury to any person occurring while using or undertaking this project or any other Buildeazy project, either directly or indirectly.

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